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Building a mobile app is an endeavor that requires a lot of effort, you need to consider a lot of factors to develop the final product. One such important decision includes choosing the right front-end development frameworks.
It influences your software’s user interface and paves a path to structure all critical files. Any mistake here could cause multiple reworks and extended deadlines.
Three very popular Java frameworks that come to everyone’s mind is Angular, React and Vue. Two of them are JS frameworks and another a library. All three has some or other features that distinguish one from another.
We have compared Angular, React and Vue into various parameters to help you understand the differences and reach a conclusion.
It belongs to the MEAN stack family, which is considered a gold mine for startups. To upgrade the performance of Angular JS, the platform launched Agular 2 in 2016. But now, you will only find the updated version, and all the latest projects are made using Angular 2.
Features of Angular JS
- You can build cross-platform applications that are installable across Linux, Mac and Windows.
- Offers varied components used to write and alter codes.
- It translates templates into code which speeds up the process of web app creation.
- Angular offers a “Component Router” that automatically splits the code and only load the ones required at that time.
- Integrate advanced animations with minimal coding through Angular’s API.
Users of Angular JS
- Microsoft office
- Deutsche Bank
- It allows code-reusability, making it easier for developers to copy code from other applications into the current one.
- The platform allows parallel development coupled with MVC structure.
- Angular also promotes Two-way data binding.
- Faster loading time with split codes.
- Angular JS lacks SEO capabilities, making it difficult for crawlers to make your web app reach the right audience.
- Due to its limited documentation, it has become quite a task to learn Angular JS. You would require extra effort to get off the learning curve.
- Angular JS lacks authentication. It neither ask your permission while using your data nor check the authorisation of the user.
The virtual DOM (Document Object Model) functionality lets you sync virtual UI with the real DOM through reconciliation. It follows a one-way data flow and uses JSX (similar to XML syntax) to access input data. This way, the developer can see the result with every step.
Features of React JS
- React offers one-way data binding, which provides better control to developers. This is sometimes taken as a demerit of React due to its overdependence on the developers to create everything independently.
Users of React JS
- Yahoo! Mail
- NewYork Times
Pros of React JS
- React facilitates the library functionality, accelerates efficiency and provides you with pre-written codes that simplify app building.
- The integration of virtual DOM in React has allowed faster rendering. Developers can now make changes without worrying about the after-effects.
- Unlike Angular, React is extremely SEO friendly. While working with React, you don’t have to worry about getting discovered in front of your target audience.
- The learning curve of React JS is moderate. It offers a complete library of JS codes with efficient tools that make it easier for developers to understand the platform well.
- React follows “learn once-write anywhere” for both Android and iOS. With React Native, developers can reuse and elements without having to re-write.
Cons of React JS
- The constant upgrades of React JS are complemented by poor documentation. This makes it difficult for new developers to constantly learn new things.
- The integration of JSX is quite complex for many developers, and they recognise it more as a con than a benefit.
Vue follows Model-view-ViewModel (MVVM), which separates the Graphical User Interface (GUI) with models or back-end logic through GUI code or markup language. Integration of such functionality allows you to make changes between different layers of code without affecting one another.
Through Vue, you can create advanced user interfaces and single-page applications. The platform offers the best documentation, you will find all the required information in their resource guide.
- Like React, Vue offers virtual DOM. This will allow you to make changes in the code without affecting the parent DOM.
- Vue allows you to add all transition effects in the HTML code. It offers a built-in transition library to integrate third-party animations to enhance the user experience of the interface.
- You can easily integrate advanced transitions and animations. Vue contains a built-in transition element that allows adding 3rd party animations library into the HTML codes.
Users of Vue JS
Pros of Vue JS
- The learning curve of Vue JS is simpler than all. Its objective is to minimise the developer’s effort and integrate codes that are just a few lines long.
- Vue offers advanced integration opportunities for developers. It can combine with other frameworks, including React. This gives extra customisation opportunities to frame the project according to their requirement.
- The support system of Vue is powerful. Their team will solve all your queries and develop bigger upgrades to make users’ experiences as smooth as possible.
- It follows two-way binding, making uploading components easier, and trackable.
Cons of Vue JS
- Vue is relatively a newer platform, thus lack the resources to handle bigger projects.
- Most of Vue JS coding is written in Chinese, making it extremely different for non-native speakers.
- Being in the devolvement phase, Vue lacks the support of essential plugins. You will have to resort to other options to integrate certain functionality in your web app.
Angular vs React vs Vue: Which one should you choose?
You should consider various factors before selecting any one from the lot, including-
Amongst Angular, React, Vue; Angular is the oldest (10 years) and Vue the most recent (7 years). However, this doesn’t mean that their popularity is inclined similarly too.
People consider a number of reasons before choosing a certain option; thus, the popularity aspects can be depended on the following factors-
- Does it listen to the feedbacks of its community?
- Does it cut down unnecessary tasks and make work simpler?
- Does it satisfy the demand of the users?
There can be many such opinions that could affect the popularity of a JS.
- React.js 35.9%
- Angular 25.1%
- Vue.js 17.3%
- Angular.js 16.1%
Most people have opted for React.js for their web app, giving tough competition to Angular.
Among the three, Angular uses regular DOM, while React and Vue allow virtual DOM. Developers mostly love to work on virtual DOM to render changes without affecting the overall web app, which is missing in traditional DOM.
If you want to use virtual DOM, your preferred option should be either React or Vue. Angular JS doesn’t support virtual DOM as of now.
However, Vue lacks to provide the scalability feature and are limited to simpler single-page application. The platform lacks resources to build complex web apps due to its template-based syntax.
Angular and React would be great options in case you want to build a scalable platform.
The architectural elements of all three Angular, React and Vue are very different. Both Angular and Vue are frameworks, whereas React is a library. It contains reusable components, which makes it easier for developers to create web app faster.
On the other hand, Vue is a great mixture of Angular and React. It follows Model-view-ViewModel (MVVM) that segregates application logic with the user interface. The logic is so loosely coupled that you can make changes in any of the layers, and it would not affect the other components.
Like the other factors, we cannot declare any winner here. All three-follow separate structure that benefits a certain issue. You can go with the one that matches your web app need.
However, all Angular, React, and Vue doesn’t follow such mechanism.
Angular launches upgrade every six months; this gives enough time for developers to relearn the latest changes before depreciating the current APIs. In React also Facebook has assured architectural stability to its users. Vue has also come up with newer versions, but nothing major has changed.
What to choose now?
As we mentioned above, you need to consider several elements before choosing any one from the lot. Start by identifying your objective and go with a platform that does the needful.
Choose Angular if you want to build a highly scalable, complex web application. The learning curve of Angular is definitely complex; you will require enough time to go through it.
Many developers choose React because of its reusable components. Make sure your front end is not too complex, and you are aiming it to be a scalable application.
Vue will be a perfect option in case of a small project. It is extremely easy to use and is heavenly inspired by both Angular and React. If you need high performance and does not have the time to learn new technology, Vue would be much better than others.